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Ebook Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions, Volume 2 by Charles Mackay read! Book Title: Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions, Volume 2
The author of the book: Charles Mackay
Edition: Echo Library
The size of the: 19.31 MB
City - Country: No data
Date of issue: June 25th 2008
ISBN: 1406891495
ISBN 13: 9781406891492
Language: English
Format files: PDF
Loaded: 2719 times
Reader ratings: 4.1

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Jilid dua buku ini hanyalah membicarakan empat bab sahaja; namun bagi setiap satu, panjangnya sahaja boleh menjadi satu buku!

Dimulakan bab pertama mengenai Perang Salib The Crusades, yang semestinya rujukan yang diberi sangat menarik untuk terus diterokai. Meskipun dikisahkan dengan agak panjang mengenainya, namun apa yang ditekankan oleh penulis adalah kegilaan yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat. Dari siri-siri awal Crusades hinggalah yang kelapan. Sepertimana yang disebut dalam bab yang sebelumnya, Modern Prophecies, siri awal perang salib adalah disebabkan oleh takwilan terhadap hari kiamat (yang sampai kesudah siri kelapan, belum juga kiamat-kiamat!). “A strange idea had taken possession of the popular mind at the close of the tenth and the commencement of the eleventh century. It was universally believed that the end of the world was at hand; that the thousand years of the Apocalypse were near completion, and that Jesus Christ would descend upon Jerusalem to judge mankind.” Maka, diguna segala kuasa elit agama yang sememangnya selama ini berkuasa penuh. “The clergy were all in all; and though they kept the popular mind in the most slavish subjection with regard to religious matters, they furnished it with the means of defence against all other oppression except their own.” Di setiap kampong dan desa, mereka ini sibuk menghangatkan isu penyertaan ke dalam ekspedisi ini; dengan menjanjikan pahala besar kepada yang menyertainya (seolah mereka-lah penentu dosa pahala) dan memberi seburuk-buruk penghinaan kepada mereka yang menentang mahupun ragu-ragu. “In every village, the clergy were busied in keeping up the excitement, promising eternal rewards to those who assumed the red cross, and fulminating the most awful denunciations against all worldly-minded who refused or even hesitated.” Nah, namun mereka yang mulanya berazam dan ragu-ragu akan ekspedisi ini, turut sama terkena penyakit ‘joining the bandwagon’! “Those who had not determined upon the journey, joked and laughed at those who were thus disposing of their goods at such ruinous prices, prophesying that the expedition would be miserable and their return worse. But they held this language for a day. The next, they were suddenly seized with the same frenzy as the rest.” Nah, setelah meneruskan perjalanan pula, boleh pula mereka, setelah diberi tempat tidur dan makan oleh penduduk kawasan/wilayah yang mereka lalui, menyerang dan membunuh pembunuh asal, misalannya di Hungary. “The first multitude that set forth was led by Walter the Pennyless early in the spring of 1096, within a few months after the Council of Clermont. Each man of that irregular host aspired to be his master: like their nominal leader, each was poor to penury, and trusted for subsistence on his journey to the chances of the road. Rolling through Germany like a tide, they entered Hungary, where at first, they were received with some degree of kindness by the people. The latter had not yet caught sufficient of the fire of enthusiasm to join the crusade themselves, but were willing enough to forward the cause by aiding those embarked in it. Unfortunately, this good understanding did not last long. The swarm were not contented with food for their necessities, but craved for luxuries also: they attacked and plundered the dwellings of the country people, and thought nothing of murder where resistance were offered.” Semestinya, ini hanya preview kepada isi bagi bab ini. Banyak lagi sisi pandang yang boleh diterokai sama ada dengan diulang baca, atau ditambah baca bagi subjek yang besar ini.


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Read information about the author

Ebook Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions, Volume 2 read Online! Charles Mackay was a Scottish poet, journalist, author, anthologist, novelist, and songwriter, remembered mainly for his book 'Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds'.

His daughter was English novelist and mystic Marie Corelli.


Reviews of the Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions, Volume 2


DANIEL

Fun book for children and their parents

MADDISON

Contradictory. On the one hand, it pulls in and on the other ...

ELLIOT

Why do you need to write a phone?

FRANCESCA

Masterpiece! Masterpiece! Masterpiece! Just an incredibly scary, deep and interesting book, penetration to shivers!




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