Read Zona Aman Gorazde: Perang di Bosnia Timur 1992-1995 by Joe Sacco Free Online
Book Title: Zona Aman Gorazde: Perang di Bosnia Timur 1992-1995|
The author of the book: Joe Sacco
Edition: DAR! Mizan
The size of the: 442 KB
City - Country: No data
Date of issue: October 2010
ISBN: No data
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Format files: PDF
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Reader ratings: 5.7
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Pada akhir 1995 dan awal 1996, kartunis sekaligus reporter, Joe Sacco, melakukan empat kali perjalanan ke Goradze, sebuah kota yang ditunjuk PBB sebagai daerah aman semasa Perang Bosnia. Selama tiga setengah tahun, kota tersebut terombang-ambing di ambang kemusnahan. Dikepung oleh pasukan Bosnia Serbia, penduduk Goradze yang sebagaian besar Muslim mengalami serangan dahsyat dan penderitaan yang sangat parah untuk bertahan di kota mereka. Sementara itu, bagian Bosnia Timur lainnya secara brutal ”dibersihkan” dari penduduk non-Serbia. Merskipun menceritakan tentang pengepungan dan serangan yang mengerikan, Zona Aman Goradze juga menghadirkan potret orang-orang yang lambat laun percaya bahwa perang akan berakhir dan mereka telah selamat.
“Karya yang luar biasa, baik dalam jurnalisme maupun komik nonfiksi.” Publishers Weekly
“Sacco menggali akar-akar kekerasan, kebangkitan nasionalisme Serbia, dan pembantaian etnik yang terjadi setelahnya. Sebagai sebuah perpaduan antara komik dan reportase, Zona Aman Goradze lebih dahsyat daripada sekadar komik atau reportase saja.” The Economist
”Mengerikan sekaligus lucu dan mencekam, kisah Sacco tentang kehidupan selama konflik Balkan merupakan potret abadi orang-orang biasa yang terperangkap dalam keadaan tragis. Ini juga merupakan karya jenius bergenre tidak lazim, jurnalisme dalam bentuk novel grafis.” Utne Reader
”Sacco telah menghasilkan sebuah karya yang secara mengejutkan mampu menggabungkan pemahaman baru tentang seperti apa rasanya berada dalam perang di Bosnia dengan pemahaman politis historis yang matang terhadap konflik. Dari sekian banyak buku tentang Bosnia, hanya sedikit sekali yang mengungkapkan kebenaran ini dengan lebih berani daripada Sacco. Dia adalah bakat yang luar biasa. Darinya, kita akan mengetahui lebih banyak lagi.” Dafid Rieff, New York Times Book Review
“Seperti Musk karya Art Spiegelman, buku Sacco mendampingkan gaya pop komik dengan tragedi kemanusiaan dan membuat kebrutalan perang jauh lebih mengguncang.” Time
”Sacco mampu menyampaikan sinisme dan humor hitam yang dikelilingi oleh kematian dan kekacauan untuk menangkis penderitaan. Gambar-gambarnya tajam, visi realitas tentang dunia abu-abu yang suram di suatu negeri yang dirusakkan oleh peluru-peluru artileri dan dicacatkan oleh kemiskinan.” The New York Times
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Read information about the authorJoe Sacco was born in Malta on October 2, 1960. At the age of one, he moved with his family to Australia, where he spent his childhood until 1972, when they moved to Los Angeles. He began his journalism career working on the Sunset High School newspaper in Beaverton, Oregon. While journalism was his primary focus, this was also the period of time in which he developed his penchant for humor and satire. He graduated from Sunset High in 1978.
Sacco earned his B.A. in journalism from the University of Oregon in 1981 in three years. He was greatly frustrated with the journalist work that he found at the time, later saying, "[I couldn't find] a job writing very hard-hitting, interesting pieces that would really make some sort of difference." After being briefly employed by the journal of the National Notary Association, a job which he found "exceedingly, exceedingly boring," and several factories, he returned to Malta, his journalist hopes forgotten. "...I sort of decided to forget it and just go the other route, which was basically take my hobby, which has been cartooning, and see if I could make a living out of that," he later told the BBC.
He began working for a local publisher writing guidebooks. Returning to his fondness for comics, he wrote a Maltese romance comic named Imħabba Vera ("True Love"), one of the first art-comics in the Maltese language. "Because Malta has no history of comics, comics weren't considered something for kids," he told Village Voice. "In one case, for example, the girl got pregnant and she went to Holland for an abortion. Malta is a Catholic country where not even divorce is allowed. It was unusual, but it's not like anyone raised a stink about it, because they had no way of judging whether this was appropriate material for comics or not."
Eventually returning to the United States, by 1985 Sacco had founded a satirical, alternative comics magazine called Portland Permanent Press in Portland, Oregon. When the magazine folded fifteen months later, he took a job at The Comics Journal as the staff news writer. This job provided the opportunity for him to create another satire: the comic Centrifugal Bumble-Puppy, a name he took from an overly-complicated children's toy in Aldous Huxley's Brave New World.
But Sacco was more interested in travelling. In 1988, he left the U.S. again to travel across Europe, a trip which he chronicled in his autobiographical comic Yahoo. The trip lead him towards the ongoing Gulf War (his obsession with which he talks about in Yahoo #2), and in 1991 he found himself nearby to research the work he would eventually publish as Palestine.
The Gulf War segment of Yahoo drew Sacco into a study of Middle Eastern politics, and he traveled to Israel and the Palestinian territories to research his first long work. Palestine was a collection of short and long pieces, some depicting Sacco's travels and encounters with Palestinians (and several Israelis), and some dramatizing the stories he was told. It was serialized as a comic book from 1993 to 2001 and then published in several collections, the first of which won an American Book Award in 1996.
Sacco next travelled to Sarajevo and Goražde near the end of the Bosnian War, and produced a series of reports in the same style as Palestine: the comics Safe Area Goražde, The Fixer, and the stories collected in War's End; the financing for which was aided by his winning of the Guggenheim Fellowship in April 2001. Safe Area Goražde won the Eisner Award for Best Original Graphic Novel in 2001.
He has also contributed short pieces of graphic reportage to a variety of magazines, on subjects ranging from war crimes to blues, and is a frequent illustrator of Harvey Pekar's American Splendor. Sacco currently lives in Portland.
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