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Book Title: The Fortune of the Rougons|
The author of the book: Émile Zola
The size of the: 4.82 MB
City - Country: No data
Date of issue: September 1985
ISBN 13: 9780862992163
Format files: PDF
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La fortuna de los Rougon (1871) es la primera novela de la serie Les Rougon Macquart, de Émile Zola.
La historia comienza con Adelaida Touque, hija de campesinos acomodados, que vive en una ciudad de la región de Provenza llamada Plassans (trasunto de Aix-en-Provence y de Lorgues). Adelaida se casa con un jardinero empleado de la familia, Rougon, con quien tiene un hijo, Pierre. Viuda muy joven, se convierte (ante la incredulidad y el rechazo de la sociedad de su entorno) en la amante de un cazador furtivo y contrabandista, Macquart, con el que tendrá dos hijos bastardos, Úrsula y Antonio. A la muerte de su amante, Adelaida caerá en una especie de abandono y semilocura. El hijo mayor de Adelaida, Pierre, que va a personificar la ambición y el ansia de poder, reniega de su condición de campesino y se convierte en un pequeño comerciante burgués gracias al matrimonio interesado con Felicidad Puech. Ambos conspirarán para hacerse con el poder en Plassans con ocasión del golpe de Estado de Napoleón III que acaba con la I República francesa e instaura el llamado II Imperio.
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Read information about the authorÉmile François Zola was an influential French novelist, the most important example of the literary school of naturalism, and a major figure in the political liberalization of France.
More than half of Zola's novels were part of a set of 20 books collectively known as Les Rougon-Macquart. Unlike Balzac who in the midst of his literary career resynthesized his work into La Comédie Humaine, Zola from the start at the age of 28 had thought of the complete layout of the series. Set in France's Second Empire, the series traces the "environmental" influences of violence, alcohol and prostitution which became more prevalent during the second wave of the Industrial Revolution. The series examines two branches of a family: the respectable (that is, legitimate) Rougons and the disreputable (illegitimate) Macquarts for five generations.
As he described his plans for the series, "I want to portray, at the outset of a century of liberty and truth, a family that cannot restrain itself in its rush to possess all the good things that progress is making available and is derailed by its own momentum, the fatal convulsions that accompany the birth of a new world."
Although Zola and Cézanne were friends from childhood, they broke in later life over Zola's fictionalized depiction of Cézanne and the Bohemian life of painters in his novel L'Œuvre (The Masterpiece, 1886).
From 1877 with the publication of l'Assommoir, Émile Zola became wealthy, he was better paid than Victor Hugo, for example. He became a figurehead among the literary bourgeoisie and organized cultural dinners with Guy de Maupassant, Joris-Karl Huysmans and other writers at his luxurious villa in Medan near Paris after 1880. Germinal in 1885, then the three 'cities', Lourdes in 1894, Rome in 1896 and Paris in 1897, established Zola as a successful author.
The self-proclaimed leader of French naturalism, Zola's works inspired operas such as those of Gustave Charpentier, notably Louise in the 1890s. His works, inspired by the concepts of heredity (Claude Bernard), social manichaeism and idealistic socialism, resonate with those of Nadar, Manet and subsequently Flaubert.
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