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Book Title: Ulysses|
The author of the book: James Joyce
Edition: Penguin - Companhia das Letras
The size of the: 567 KB
City - Country: No data
Date of issue: May 8th 2012
ISBN 13: 9788563560421
Format files: PDF
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Reader ratings: 3.6
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Um homem sai de casa pela manhã, cumpre com as tarefas do dia e, pela noite, retorna ao lar. Foi em torno desse esqueleto enganosamente simples, quase banal, que James Joyce elaborou o que veio a ser o grande romance do século XX.
Inspirado na Odisseia de Homero, Ulysses é ambientado em Dublin, e narra as aventuras de Leopold Bloom e seu amigo Stephen Dedalus ao longo do dia 16 de junho de 1904. Tal como o Ulisses homérico, Bloom precisa superar numerosos obstáculos e tentações até retornar ao apartamento na rua Eccles, onde sua mulher, Molly, o espera. Para criar esse personagem rico e vibrante, Joyce misturou numerosos estilos e referências culturais, num caleidoscópio de vozes que tem desafiado gerações de leitores e estudiosos ao redor do mundo.
O culto em torno de Ulysses teve início antes mesmo de sua publicação em livro, quando trechos do romance começaram a aparecer num jornal literário dos EUA. Por conta dessas passagens, Ulysses foi banido nos Estados Unidos, numa acusação de obscenidade, dando início a uma longa pendenga legal, que seria resolvida apenas onze anos depois, com a liberação do romance em solo americano.
Mas, para além das disputas e polêmicas, Ulysses segue como um divisor de águas por conta do êxito do autor no principal ponto do romance: esticar e moldar a língua inglesa ao limite, a fim de retirar disso um retrato fiel, divertido e comovente do que se convencionou chamar de o “homem moderno”.
Em seu clássico estudo sobre a obra de James Joyce, Homem comum enfim , o crítico e escritor britânico Anthony Burgess afirma que, “se alguma vez houve um grande escritor popular, Joyce foi este escritor”. Guiado por esse espírito eminentemente democrático da escrita joyceana, Caetano Galindo realizou esta nova tradução de Ulysses , a fim de captar “a imensa gama de cores, registros, estilos, recursos e efeitos” de sua prosa revolucionária.
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Read information about the authorJames Joyce, Irish novelist, noted for his experimental use of language in such works as Ulysses (1922) and Finnegans Wake (1939). Joyce's technical innovations in the art of the novel include an extensive use of interior monologue; he used a complex network of symbolic parallels drawn from the mythology, history, and literature, and created a unique language of invented words, puns, and allusions.
James Joyce was born in Dublin, on February 2, 1882, as the son of John Stanislaus Joyce, an impoverished gentleman, who had failed in a distillery business and tried all kinds of professions, including politics and tax collecting. Joyce's mother, Mary Jane Murray, was ten years younger than her husband. She was an accomplished pianist, whose life was dominated by the Roman Catholic Church. In spite of their poverty, the family struggled to maintain a solid middle-class facade.
From the age of six Joyce, was educated by Jesuits at Clongowes Wood College, at Clane, and then at Belvedere College in Dublin (1893-97). In 1898 he entered the University College, Dublin. Joyce's first publication was an essay on Ibsen's play When We Dead Awaken. It appeared in the Fortnightly Review in 1900. At this time he also began writing lyric poems.
After graduation in 1902 the twenty-year-old Joyce went to Paris, where he worked as a journalist, teacher and in other occupations under difficult financial conditions. He spent a year in France, returning when a telegram arrived saying his mother was dying. Not long after her death, Joyce was traveling again. He left Dublin in 1904 with Nora Barnacle, a chambermaid who he married in 1931.
Joyce published Dubliners in 1914, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man in 1916, a play Exiles in 1918 and Ulysses in 1922. In 1907 Joyce had published a collection of poems, Chamber Music.
At the outset of the First World War, Joyce moved with his family to Zürich. In Zürich Joyce started to develop the early chapters of Ulysses, which was first published in France because of censorship troubles in the Great Britain and the United States, where the book became legally available only in 1933. In March 1923 Joyce started in Paris his second major work, Finnegans Wake, suffering at the same time chronic eye troubles caused by glaucoma. The first segment of the novel appeared in Ford Madox Ford's transatlantic review in April 1924, as part of what Joyce called Work in Progress. The final version was published in 1939.
Some critics considered the work a masterpiece, though many readers found it incomprehensible. After the fall of France in WWII, Joyce returned to Zürich, where he died on January 13, 1941, still disappointed with the reception of Finnegans Wake.
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