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Book Title: Os Sonetos Completos|
The author of the book: William Shakespeare
The size of the: 32.54 MB
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Date of issue: 2005
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OS SONETOS COMPLETOS de Shakespeare, apresentados nesta edição bilíngue única, com a definitiva tradução do poeta Vasco Graça Moura, perfazem um conjunto de 154 poemas publicados em 1609, embora as datas de composição sejam imprecisas. O ofício de Shakespeare, durante toda a sua vida, foi sondar as paixões de seus personagens e despertar as paixões de suas platéias. Sua habilidade nisso é quase universalmente considerada sem rival, mas as fontes íntimas dessa habilidade permanecem desconhecidas. Os estudiosos reconstruíram incansavelmente pelo menos parte das leituras ecléticas e abrangentes de Shakespeare, mas sua própria vida apaixonada - seu acesso por meio da experiência e da observação pessoais às intensas emoções que ele representa - é quase completamente misteriosa. Seus Sonetos foram vasculhados em busca de evidências autobiográficas, mas, embora escritos na primeira pessoa, são deliberadamente misteriosos. No Brasil, a obra nunca foi traduzida em seu conjunto, havendo apenas algumas versões incompletas traduzidas por principalmente pela especialista Bárbara Heliodora. Shakespeare, além de teatrólogo, desenvolveu uma habilidade única na poesia. O seu soneto, o soneto inglês, é composto por três quartetos e um dístico, diferente da composição original de Petrarca. O mais célebre dos escritores ingleses escreveu diversos poemas, alguns deles recheados de metáforas. “Numa série de oposições inúmeras vezes retomadas nos Sonetos”, observa o poeta e tradutor desta Obra Vasco Graça Moura, “o tempo trai a beleza e as pompas, a velhice trai a juventude, o amigo trai o amigo, o homem trai a mulher, a mulher trai o homem, a tristeza e o desânimo traem a alegria, a decadência trai a pujança, a escassez trai a abundância.”
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Read information about the authorWilliam Shakespeare (baptised 26 April 1564) was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "The Bard"). His surviving works consist of 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into every major living language, and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.
Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon. Scholars believe that he died on his fifty-second birthday, coinciding with St George’s Day.
At the age of 18 he married Anne Hathaway, who bore him three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Between 1585 and 1592 he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part owner of the playing company the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men. He appears to have retired to Stratford around 1613, where he died three years later. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive, and there has been considerable speculation about such matters as his sexuality, religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.
Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1590 and 1613. His early plays were mainly comedies and histories, genres he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the end of the sixteenth century. Next he wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, King Lear, and Macbeth, considered some of the finest examples in the English language. In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances, and collaborated with other playwrights. Many of his plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy during his lifetime, and in 1623, two of his former theatrical colleagues published the First Folio, a collected edition of his dramatic works that included all but two of the plays now recognised as Shakespeare's.
Shakespeare was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the nineteenth century. The Romantics, in particular, acclaimed Shakespeare's genius, and the Victorians hero-worshipped Shakespeare with a reverence that George Bernard Shaw called "bardolatry". In the twentieth century, his work was repeatedly adopted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance. His plays remain highly popular today and are consistently performed and reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the world.
According to historians, Shakespeare wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets throughout the span of his life. Shakespeare's writing average was 1.5 plays a year since he first started writing in 1589. There have been plays and sonnets attributed to Shakespeare that were not authentically written by the great master of language and literature.
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